Sargent County vs. North Dakota
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Gross Domestic Product Growth and Change, 2001-2019
Introduction
Sargent County vs. North Dakota
Sargent County:
2019 GDP = $815,295K
2019 Percent of State = 1.4%
North Dakota:
2019 GDP = $57,180,936K
2019 Percent of U.S. = 0.3%
Nationally, GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is widely regarded as the foremost blue-chip barometer for tracking and calibrating the economic performance of the economy nationwide. Like its closely followed national counterpart, the GDP of Sargent County is the most comprehensive measure of output of all goods and services produced by labor and property located within Sargent County. It is a market valuation of the goods and services-both private and public-produced within a regional economy.
Unlike the widely and frequently reported employment and job numbers that measure labor as one of the units of input into production, GDP is a valuation of the output. Also, while County Personal Income is representative of the "purchasing power" of those that reside within a county, think of Gross Domestic Product as representative of the "producing power" of that county.
For a more detailed and technical explanation of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by County compiled by the Regional Product Branch of Bureau of Economic Analysis please refer to the A Primer on Local Area Gross Domestic Product Methodology article found on the BEA website.

BEA: Definition

GDP by county is the county counterpart of the Nation's gross domestic product (GDP), the Bureau's featured and most comprehensive measure of U.S. economic activity. GDP by county is derived as the sum of the GDP originating in all the industries in a county.

The statistics of real GDP by county are prepared in chained (2012) dollars. Real GDP by county is an inflation-adjusted measure of each county's gross product that is based on national prices for the goods and services produced within that county. The statistics of real GDP by county and of quantity indexes with a base year of 2012 were derived by applying national chain-type price indexes to the current-dollar GDP-by-county values for the 64 detailed NAICS-based industries for 1997 forward.

The chain-type index formula that is used in the national accounts is then used to calculate the values of total real GDP by county and of real GDP by county at more aggregated industry levels. Real GDP by county may reflect a substantial volume of output that is sold to other counties and regions. To the extent that a county's output is produced and sold in national markets at relatively uniform prices (or sold locally at national prices), real GDP by state captures the differences across states that reflect the relative differences in the mix of goods and services that the counties produce. However, real GDP by county does not capture geographic differences in the prices of goods and services that are produced and sold locally.

United States. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Product Division.
BEA News Release (GDP by State). 2013. Web.
https://www.bea.gov/data/gdp/gdp-state.

BEA: Relation of GDP by county to U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

An industry's GDP by county, or its value added, in practice, is calculated as the sum of incomes earned by labor and capital and the costs incurred in the production of goods and services. That is, it includes the wages and salaries that workers earn, the income earned by individual or joint entrepreneurs as well as by corporations, and business taxes such as sales, property, and Federal excise taxes that count as a business expense.

GDP is calculated as the sum of what consumers, businesses, and government spend on final goods and services, plus investment and net foreign trade. In theory, incomes earned should equal what is spent, but due to different data sources, income earned, usually referred to as gross domestic income (GDI), does not always equal what is spent (GDP). The difference is referred to as the "statistical discrepancy."

Starting with the 2004 comprehensive revision, BEA's annual industry accounts and its GDP-by-county accounts allocate the statistical discrepancy across all private-sector industries. Therefore, the GDP-by-county statistics are now conceptually more similar to the GDP statistics in the national accounts than they had been in the past.

U.S. real GDP by county for the advance year, 2012, may differ from the Annual Industry Accounts' GDP by industry and, hence NIPA (National Income and Product Account) GDP, because of different sources and vintages of data used to estimate GDP by state and NIPA GDP. For the revised years of 2009-2011, U.S. GDP by county is nearly identical to GDP by industry except for small differences resulting from the GDP-by-county accounts' exclusion of overseas Federal military and civilian activity (because it cannot be attributed to a particular state). The GDP-by-industry statistics are identical to those from the 2012 annual revision of the NIPAs, released in July 2012. However, because of revisions since July 2012, GDP in the NIPAs may differ from U.S. GDP by county.

United States. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Product Division.
BEA News Release (GDP by State). 2013. Web.
https://www.bea.gov/data/gdp/gdp-state.

Sargent County Gross Domestic Product, 2002-2019
Current vs. Chained 2012 Dollars (Millions)
Sargent County Gross Domestic Product, 2002-2019
Current vs. Chained 2012 Dollars (Millions)
Figure 1.
Figure 1 depicts Sargent County's annual gross domestic product over 2002-2019 in current and constant (chained 2012) dollars. Constant dollar measurements remove the effects of inflation. They allow for comparison of changes in the real total good and services output of Sargent County over time.
When measured in current dollars, Sargent County's GDP increased 203.7%, from $268M in 2002 to $815M in 2019. When measured in constant 2012 dollars to adjust for inflation, it advanced 110.4%, from $341M in 2002 to $717M in 2019.
Real Gross Domestic Product, 2001-2019 (Millions)
Real Gross Domestic Product, 2001-2019 (Millions)
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Sargent County's and North Dakota's annual real gross domestic product for the period 2001-2019 to illustrate real gross domestic product patterns over time. During this 19-year period, Sargent County's real gross domestic product rose from $293M in 2001 to $717M in 2019, for a net gain of $423M, or 144.2%. In comparison, North Dakota's real GDP advanced from $25,078M in 2001 to $53,930M in 2019, for a net advance of $28,852M, or 115.0%.
Real Gross Domestic Product Indices (2001=100): 2001-2019
Real Gross Domestic Product Indices (2001=100): 2001-2019
Figure 3.
Figure 3 portrays Sargent County's real gross domestic product growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with North Dakota, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's real gross domestic product in 2001 as a base figure of 100, and the real gross domestic products in later years as a percentage of the 2001 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in real gross domestic product growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Sargent County's overall real GDP growth was 144.2% over 2001-2019 outpaced North Dakota's increase of 115.0%, and outpaced the United States' increase of 44.0%.
Gross Domestic Product as a Percent of the North Dakota Total: 2001-2019
Gross Domestic Product as a Percent of the North Dakota Total: 2001-2019
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of highlighting the gross domestic product growth of Sargent County is to compare its individual percentage contributions to North Dakota's statewide gross domestic product over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's gross domestic product grew faster, or declined less, than North Dakota's gross domestic product, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 2001, Sargent County's GDP comprised 1.2% of North Dakota's GDP, while in 2019 it totaled 1.4% thereby yielding a +0.2% share-shift.
   
 
Gross Domestic Product Share-Shift
2019 vs. 2001
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2019
vs.
2001
+0.20%
=
1.43%
-
1.23%
 
   
Sargent County Real Gross Domestic Product:
Annual Percent Change, 2002-2019
Sargent County Real Gross Domestic Product:
Annual Percent Change, 2002-2019
Figure 5.
Figure 5 shows the short-run pattern of Sargent County's real gross domestic product growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 2002-2019. The average annual percent change for the entire 18-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Sargent County's real GDP grew at an annual rate of 5.94% over 2002-2019. The county recorded its highest growth in 2008 (25.94%) and posted its lowest growth in 2009 (-28.49%). In 2019, Sargent County's real GDP grew by 9.20%
Sargent County Real Gross Domestic Product:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 2002-2019
Sargent County Real Gross Domestic Product:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 2002-2019
Figure 6.
Figure 6 again shows the annual percent change in Sargent County's real gross domestic product since 2002, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for 2002-2009, and 2010-2019.
During 2002-2009, Sargent County's annual real GDP growth rate averaged 3.84%. It averaged and 7.62% thus far this decade (2010 to 2019).
Real Gross Domestic Product Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Real Gross Domestic Product Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Sargent County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for North Dakota and the nation. As the chart reveals, Sargent County's average annual real gross domestic product growth lagged North Dakota's average during the 2000s (3.84% vs. 4.38%), and surpassed North Dakota's average over the 10 year period of the last decade, 2010-2019 (7.62% vs. 4.61%).
Finally, relative to nationwide real gross domestic product growth trends, Sargent County outpaced the nation during the 2000s (3.84% vs. 1.75%), and registered above the nation over 2010-2019 (7.62% vs. 2.30%).
   
 
Real* Gross Domestic Product Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
5.94
3.84
7.62
9.20
 
4.51
4.38
4.61
0.86
 
2.05
1.75
2.30
2.16
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Sargent County:
Gross Domestic Product, 2001-2019
 
2001
 
233,119
0.632
293,477
100.0
N
1.23
2002
 
268,446
0.733
340,570
116.0
16.05
1.33
2003
 
270,948
0.728
338,043
115.2
-0.74
1.23
2004
 
316,173
0.838
389,093
132.6
15.10
1.37
2005
 
350,526
0.940
436,559
148.8
12.20
1.43
2006
 
361,684
0.970
450,443
153.5
3.18
1.38
2007
 
339,607
0.848
393,971
134.2
-12.54
1.18
2008
 
429,445
1.068
496,158
169.1
25.94
1.35
2009
 
315,607
0.764
354,804
120.9
-28.49
0.98
2010
 
356,317
0.854
396,718
135.2
11.81
1.00
2011
 
358,353
0.801
371,960
126.7
-6.24
0.86
2012
 
464,412
1.000
464,412
158.2
24.86
0.90
2013
 
483,383
1.005
466,695
159.0
0.49
0.90
2014
 
552,134
1.135
526,989
179.6
12.92
0.94
2015
 
583,323
1.162
539,793
183.9
2.43
1.06
2016
 
578,137
1.145
531,551
181.1
-1.53
1.14
2017
 
640,168
1.254
582,601
198.5
9.60
1.22
2018
 
718,061
1.413
656,230
223.6
12.64
1.28
2019
 
815,295
1.543
716,601
244.2
9.20
1.43
Source: Calculations by the North Dakota Regional Economic Analysis Project (ND-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2020
REAP_PI_CA1400_2000_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
North Dakota:
Gross Domestic Product, 2001-2019
 
2001
 
18,960,565
0.486
25,078,473
100.0
N
0.18
2002
 
20,229,129
0.511
26,404,388
105.3
5.29
0.18
2003
 
22,072,475
0.542
27,996,712
111.6
6.03
0.19
2004
 
23,151,861
0.547
28,255,537
112.7
0.92
0.19
2005
 
24,461,141
0.565
29,166,461
116.3
3.22
0.19
2006
 
26,209,022
0.588
30,371,278
121.1
4.13
0.19
2007
 
28,781,742
0.616
31,790,370
126.8
4.67
0.20
2008
 
31,852,095
0.664
34,304,401
136.8
7.91
0.22
2009
 
32,239,699
0.684
35,297,158
140.7
2.89
0.22
2010
 
35,689,410
0.736
37,974,943
151.4
7.59
0.24
2011
 
41,437,457
0.818
42,208,475
168.3
11.15
0.27
2012
 
51,624,640
1.000
51,624,640
205.9
22.31
0.32
2013
 
53,733,359
1.015
52,385,507
208.9
1.47
0.32
2014
 
58,679,880
1.095
56,554,638
225.5
7.96
0.33
2015
 
55,069,082
1.067
55,067,392
219.6
-2.63
0.30
2016
 
50,792,278
0.991
51,137,298
203.9
-7.14
0.27
2017
 
52,607,105
0.994
51,291,213
204.5
0.30
0.27
2018
 
56,286,770
1.036
53,472,833
213.2
4.25
0.27
2019
 
57,180,936
1.045
53,930,202
215.0
0.86
0.27
Source: Calculations by the North Dakota Regional Economic Analysis Project (ND-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2020
REAP_PI_CA1400_2000_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Gross Domestic Product, 2001-2019
 
2001
 
10,581,822,000
0.819
13,262,079,000
100.0
N
2002
 
10,936,418,000
0.833
13,493,064,000
101.7
1.74
2003
 
11,458,246,000
0.857
13,879,129,000
104.7
2.86
2004
 
12,213,730,000
0.889
14,406,382,000
108.6
3.80
2005
 
13,036,637,000
0.921
14,912,509,000
112.4
3.51
2006
 
13,814,609,000
0.947
15,338,257,000
115.7
2.85
2007
 
14,451,860,000
0.965
15,626,029,000
117.8
1.88
2008
 
14,712,845,000
0.963
15,604,687,000
117.7
-0.14
2009
 
14,448,932,000
0.939
15,208,834,000
114.7
-2.54
2010
 
14,992,052,000
0.963
15,598,753,000
117.6
2.56
2011
 
15,542,582,000
0.978
15,840,664,000
119.4
1.55
2012
 
16,197,007,000
1.000
16,197,007,000
122.1
2.25
2013
 
16,784,851,000
1.018
16,495,369,000
124.4
1.84
2014
 
17,527,258,000
1.044
16,912,038,000
127.5
2.53
2015
 
18,238,301,000
1.076
17,432,170,000
131.4
3.08
2016
 
18,745,075,000
1.095
17,730,509,000
133.7
1.71
2017
 
19,542,980,000
1.120
18,144,105,000
136.8
2.33
2018
 
20,611,861,000
1.154
18,687,786,000
140.9
3.00
2019
 
21,433,226,000
1.179
19,091,662,000
144.0
2.16
Source: Calculations by the North Dakota Regional Economic Analysis Project (ND-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2020
REAP_PI_CA1400_2000_PN
 
   
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